9/11 had many affects on people and organizations. One of those who has had to change the most is the Intelligence Community as they bear blame for not stopping the 9/11 terrorist attacks. WSJ has an article written by James R. Clapper, Director of National Intelligence. The part that caught my attention was:
How 9/11 Transformed the Intelligence Community
It's no longer about 'need to know.'
Our guiding principle is 'responsibility to share.'
We no longer operate largely on the principle of compartmentalization, that is, sharing information based on "need to know." We now start from the imperative of "responsibility to share," in order to collaborate with and better support our intelligence consumers—from the White House to the foxhole.
How many problems are caused in data centers where the standard operating procedure is "need to know." If the US intelligence community has shifted to "responsibility to share" to solve their integration problems, maybe others should try the same approach.
Prior to the 9/11 attacks, the community had recognized that reorganization, integration of intelligence activities, and a shift in intelligence culture was necessary to adapt to evolving threats. But progress on these initiatives came slowly—too slowly to impact the events of 9/11.
The intelligence community got the message.
We can't know with absolute certainty if any of these changes would have led to a different outcome on 9/11, but the tangible benefits of vertical and horizontal integration are indisputable. Today we are unquestionably better positioned to provide the kind of full-scope information that leaders need to make informed decisions about how to protect our nation.